The state of Rajasthan is composed of two distinct geographical regions, the dividing line being the Aravalis, the oldest mountain chains in the world. It has influenced the human and natural history of state as well as its geographical, climatic and cultural diversities. The Western part of range is arid while the Eastern part is comparatively greener. The Aravali spread over a length of about 530 KM in Rajasthan. The natural weathering agencies have worked relentlessly on these mountains and denuded them into remnants of once a great range.
The Aravalis are no longer a continuous chain. These ancient orographic belt simulates a distorted hour glass, its thinnest part being to the south of Ajmer.
The main peaks of Aravali are Babi (780m), Harsh (820m), Taragarh (914m), Sandamata (930m), Gorum (936m), Kho (979m), Ragunath (1052m), Kumbhalgarh (1244m) and Jarghaji (1722m), the highest peak in Mount Abu.
Passing through the left of Sambhar Lake the Aravali opens out in a fan like fashion to form ridges and valleys in Alwar and .
Some of the plateus of Aravali are Gogunda, Kirasca and Kankwadi.
The Aravalis divide the two main drainage system of country, draining water on western side into Arabian sea and water from eastern side into Bay Of Bengal.
The Aravalis are tectonics remnants of former mountain ranges. The organic, volcanic activities made Aravali ranges rich in mineral wealth.
The forest hills of the Aravali's are enriched with flora and fauna and provide shelter to a large number and variety of animals and birds. Wild life
Large number of forts and castles are also situated in this range.
The Aravallis are the oldest mountain system in India, traversing the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi. However, the burden of overgrazing and need for building materials has left it total devastated. Due to large scale quarrying, entire hills disappear in a matter of months. Though some efforts are being made by the forest departments, it may be too late to save this mountain system.
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